How is speech therapy used to help toddlers?

A pediatric speech language pathologist will conduct an assessment through play that will determine if the child is within the typical range of development for communication.  They will look at several areas of communication including speech (clarity of sounds, use of age appropriate sounds) and language (vocabulary, word endings, word combinations, understanding of action words, ability to follow directions, answering questions, and more).    Once areas of delay/disorder are identified and goals are developed, they will be addressed in therapy sessions.  Many speech language pathologists use toys, songs, and silly games during sessions to address these goals.  Parent coaching in early intervention means parents are involved during therapy sessions which are often built around daily routines.  Involving parents is important for carry-over of skills.